Uzbekistan – the country of warm and hospitable people

Uzbekistan – the country of warm and hospitable people


Dalya Çakar- chairman UZNED and CEO nüma Tours

Uzbekistan has a historical civilization that has built up and enriched itself over thousands of years. In Uzbekistan, thinkers, scientists, statesmen, poets who contributed not only to Central Asia, but also to world civilization, developed, invented and wrote great works. This heritage consists of precious scientific and literary books, miniatures and unique architectural works that have been preserved to this day.

After its independence, the preservation and exploration of the rich cultural and spiritual heritage of the Uzbek people became a state-led state policy. In Uzbekistan, nearly 4,000 archaeological monuments have been brought under state protection so far. More than 1,000 archaeological and architectural monuments have been reconstructed. Throughout history, the prominent names that contributed immensely to world civilization (by 2020) have been reintroduced into society.

While the capital Tashkent got new buildings, the Soviet Union period architectural works and other monumental architectural works were renewed and opened to the public. At the same time, new visiting centers were built that reflect the historical and contemporary architectural culture, such as museums. These projects, carried out by Uzbekistan with the aim of reviving cultural heritage, are recognized and appreciated by other countries and international organizations.

Uzbekistan will celebrate the 30th anniversary of its independence in 2021. In the early years of its foundation, it encountered serious difficulties and difficulties. The country has tried to prepare the foundations of its independence under difficult circumstances. Uzbekistan is one of the states with post-Soviet problems. Today, however, the Uzbek state has changed its position in the international community with its evolving horizon and gained the attention and prestige of the whole world with many aspects.

On the 29th anniversary of its independence in 2020, Uzbekistan has today implemented reforms in line with universal standards and continues its unique economic model. The constitutional institutions in Uzbekistan are being renewed. The rule of law is being established. The influence of the economy on politics is increasing. And political, economic and social reforms are being implemented according to a planned and gradual process. This growth of the economy is an indicator of both the stability in Uzbekistan and the great change in the country. Uzbekistan, which has rich underground resources and transport infrastructure, has proven to be a reliable partner in economic relations with the priority it gives to foreign investors and the opportunities it offers.

Uzbekistan, which has the second largest population of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) after Russia and Ukraine, has approached more than 30 million. In January 2019, Uzbekistan’s population was announced as approximately 32 million. According to data from the Uzbekistan State Statistics Institute, nearly 52% of the country’s population lives in cities. 35% of the population in the country is under 15 and 5% is over 65. The male population in the country is slightly ahead of the female population. Uzbekistan’s population is expected to approach 35 million by 2022. Tajiks and Russians are the two most populous minorities in the country, home to about 130 different people.

The intention is to allocate a large amount of resources from various sources for the development of the current health system in the near future. There are more than 4,000 historical and cultural artifacts in Uzbekistan, located on the historical Silk Road. Uzbekistan is in the top 10 countries with the most historical artifacts in the world. Apart from this, tourists can do hiking in Karakum and Kızılkum field, horseback riding, skiing, winter sports and helicopter skiing (heli-skiing) in the west of the snow-capped Tanrı mountain range. In addition, mountaineering, national forests and health centers attract tourists. The number of tourists is increasing every day. 60% of tourists who came to Uzbekistan came from the countries of the European Union (EU), 25% from Asia and America, and 15% from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries where Russia ranks first. Uzbekistan, which currently has a capacity of 2.5 million tourists per year, wants to increase the number of tourists every year.

During the early years of independence, the Quran was translated into Uzbek and published 3 times. With Uzbekistan’s independence, all religious holidays began to be celebrated freely. According to the decree of the President of Uzbekistan in 1991, taking into account the demands of most of the believers, Oroza Hayit (Eid al-Fitr) and Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice) were established as holidays.

Uzbekistan, during its 29 years of independence, has made great strides in social, economic, cultural, educational and other humanitarian fields, and today it has developed in the heart of Central Asia and has become a country looking forward to the future with hope. It is one of the most important states of Central Asia with its independent foreign policy, active foreign policy, political stability and economic development within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

As someone who has travelled all over Uzbekistan’s geography, developed cities as well as remote villages, mountains, plains, historical monuments, river banks and even deserts, I very well know the rich cultural heritage and economic infrastructure of this country. Most importantly, I think that the Uzbek people, with their smartness, dedication and entrepreneurial spirit, will support their country in the coming years in solving the existing structural problems. This beautiful country undoubtedly has problems like other countries do. While tourism professionals research and write about countries, we try to analyse the social, political and social events in those countries, not with a biased approach, but with good intentions, but also by showing the facts.

In Uzbekistan, the necessary situation is being prepared in the coming years for the free activity of political parties, the basic element of participatory democratic governance. Uzbekistan’s politics is taking on a more democratic character. Freedom of the press and political freedoms are being expanded, human rights problems are being overcome.

I hope that relations between Europe and Uzbekistan will develop further in the coming periods and that this will fulfill my wish. I also hope that European citizens will have the opportunity to see the land of these warm people, hospitable Uzbeks.

 

About UZNED

Established in October 2018 in the Netherlands, Uzbekistan Netherlands Friendship Foundation (UZNED) aims to strengthen the ties between the Netherlands and Uzbekistan and build bridges by organizing cultural, artistic, touristic, academic and social activities and promoting the Uzbek culture in Europe. Celebration of the traditional spring feast Navruz, a festival to present traditional Uzbek food (plov) to European friends as well as organizing official receptions as for the Indepence Day of Uzbekistan are some of many alrxeady done. UZNED further organized business and promotional trips to Uzbekistan for European business men and hosted Uzbek officials in Europe.

www.uzned.nl